Plan9 on raspberry pi 3

May 31, 2018 20:55 ยท 587 words ยท 3 minute read Plan9 Raspberry Pi 3

Plan9 is a research operating system from the same group who created UNIX at Bell Labs Computing Sciences Research Center (CSRC). It emerged in the 80s, and its early development coincided with continuing development of the later versions of Research UNIX. Let's install it in the raspberry pi 3!

1. Installing Plan9

To install the plan9 os you need a micro sdcard with at least 2GB (I use a 4GB one).

You probably need to log in as root in order to run the following commands

Check the name of your sd card:

fdisk -l

For me it's /dev/sdc.

Format the device to FAT32:

mkfs.vfat -n 'PLAN9' -I /dev/sdc

Download the plan9 image and write to your sdcard or save it somewhere:

Remember to change your device!

wget -O - http://plan9.bell-labs.com/sources/contrib/miller/9pi.img.gz | \
  gunzip -c | dd bs=4M of=/dev/null status=progress

Now you are ready to boot Plan9 on raspberry pi!

3. First steps

Since the plan9 image you just downloaded is a fully bootable one, it not require the installation step.

When the pi boots up, you get into the Plan9 graphical interface, rio(1). Rio is a minimalist window manager, it's just a bunch of rectangles that you draw in the screen ๐Ÿ˜„.

Plan9 Rio

To use Plan9 you definitely need a three button mouse. Hold the right button, hover New and release. Again hold the right button, drag a rectangle big enough and release. Now you have a shell, rc(1). First of all check your internet connection:

I'm using ethernet, probably wifi only work on plan9 forks like 9front.

ndb/dns # start the dns resolver
ip/ipconfig # configure interfaces and get ip address with dhcp
ip/ping google.com # check internet connection

In rc Ctrl + c not work, try Del to stop the ping.

As you can see, some of the commands are similar with the UNIX ones, but Plan9 is an entirely different operating system in several ways. You can also note the concept of namespaces, all ip related commands are in ip/, disk in disk/ and so on.

If you receive an error about dns resolution, try to reboot and run DNSSERVER=8.8.8.8 before the commands above.

Now let's try to use a web browser. You are thinking about Chrome? Firefox? Nop. Plan9 has it's own web browser, abaco(1)

webfs # start a filesystem that handle urls
abaco 'http://google.com/search?q=plan9'

It's pretty ugly I know, no css, no js, but it works!

The network settings are not persisted if you reboot, so just like your .profile in bash, add the commands to $home/lib/profile.

3. Installing Git

Unfortunately git is not ported to Plan9, but David du Colombier wrote a rc script to mimic the original git commands:

hget -o $home/bin/rc/git http://9legacy.org/9legacy/tools/git
chmod +x $home/bin/rc/git

The rc scripts are stored in the $home/bin/rc directory and automatically appended to /bin, so you can run then in the global namespace.

2. Installing Golang

hget -o go1.10.tbz http://www.9legacy.org/download/go/go1.10-plan9-arm7-bootstrap.tbz
tar xvf go1.10.tbz && mv go-* go

# Go configs
mkdir -p gopath/bin
GOPATH=$home/gopath
GOBIN=$GOPATH/bin
GOROOT=$home/go
bind -a $GOROOT/bin /bin # append the go binaries to the end of the /bin entries
bind -a $GOBIN /bin

Don't forget to add the binds and envs to $home/lib/profile too

Let's check:

go env

I'm in love with Plan9, it's such a cool operating system to learn. If you are interested too check the following resources:

Expect more posts in the future. See you again next time ๐Ÿ˜„.